Klonopin (clonazepam) is a benzodiazepine. Klonopin affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced. Klonopin is also a seizure medicine, also called an anti-epileptic drug. Klonopin is used to treat certain seizure disorders (includin Lennox-Gastaut syndrome) and panic disorder .
Drowsiness, dizziness, decreased coordination, tiredness, blurred vision, or dry mouth may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
To minimize drowsiness, do not take a Klonopin tablet within 6 hours of bedtime unless directed to do so by your doctor.
remember that your doctor has prescribed Klonopin because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using Klonopin do not have serious side effects.
A very serious allergic reaction to Klonopin is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
-The usual Klonopin dose for seizure disorders in adults is 0.5 mg to 1.5 mg daily in 2 or 3 divided doses.
-The initial Klonopin dose for panic disorder is 0.25 mg twice daily.
-If you are older than 60 years, your Klonopin dose may be lower than usual.
– Klonopin may be habit-forming. Do not take a larger Klonopin dose, take Klonopin more often, or for a longer time than prescribed by your doctor.
-To prevent withdrawal reactions, your doctor may reduce your Klonopin dose gradually. Withdrawal reactions (including seizures) may occur if Klonopin is suddenly stopped.
-To ensure Klonopin is helping your condition, your blood may need to be tested often. Your kidney or liver function may also need to be checked.
Visit your doctor regularly.
How does Klonopin work?
Klonopin belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines. A class of drugs refers to medications that share a similar chemical structure. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.
Klonopin works by increasing the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). GABA is a neurotransmitter, or chemical messenger, that affects the activity of nerve cells in the brain. Klonopin also works by binding to a specific site called the GABAA receptor.
Klonopin is thought to increase the activity of GABA by binding to a specific site on the GABAA receptor, which results in an inhibitory effect on neurotransmission.