What is Gastroesophageal-Reflux-Disease?

Gastroesophageal-Reflux-Disease(GERD), is a condition in which the contents of the stomach reflux back up into the esophagus. This occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter, which is a muscle that acts as a valve between the stomach and the esophagus, doesn’t close properly.

Symptoms

The symptoms of GERD include:

– Heartburn

– Painful swallowing

– Chest pain

– A sour taste in the mouth

– Coughing or wheezing

– Hoarseness in the morning

If you think you may have GERD, talk to your doctor. He or she can help you find relief from your symptoms.

What Causes Gastroesophageal-Reflux-Disease?

There are a number of things that can cause GERD, including:

– A hiatal hernia

– Obesity

– Pregnancy

– Smoking

– Eating certain foods, such as fried or fatty foods, citrus fruits, chocolate, mint, garlic, onion, and tomato sauce

– Drinking certain beverages, such as carbonated drinks, alcohol, and coffee

– Taking certain medications, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, muscle relaxers, and some antibiotics

How is Gastroesophageal-Reflux-Disease Treated?

There are a number of things you can do to treat GERD, including:

– Making lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, quitting smoking, and eating smaller meals

– Wearing loose-fitting clothes

– Avoiding foods and beverages that trigger your symptoms

– Taking over-the-counter medications, such as antacids, H2 blockers, and proton pump inhibitors

– Taking prescription medications

– Undergoing surgery to repair the lower esophageal sphincter or to remove part of the stomach

If you have GERD, talk to your doctor about the best way to treat your symptoms. With proper treatment, you can find relief from your symptoms and live a healthy life.

How to prevent Gastroesophageal-Reflux-Disease?

There are a number of things you can do to prevent GERD, including:

– Eating smaller meals

– Avoiding foods and beverages that trigger your symptoms

– Losing weight if you are overweight or obese

– Quitting smoking

– Wearing loose-fitting clothes

– Sleeping with your head elevated

If you have GERD, talk to your doctor about the best way to prevent your symptoms. With proper prevention, you can avoid flare-ups and live a healthy life.