What is Endometriosis and how is it treated?

Endometriosis is a debilitating condition that can cause severe pain and other symptoms. There is no cure for endometriosis, but there are treatments that can help relieve the symptoms. Endometriosis treatment may include medication, surgery, or both. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain and other symptoms, improve fertility, and preserve normal menstrual function.

Causes of Endometriosis

The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown, but there are several theories. One theory is that Endometriosis is caused by retrograde menstruation. Retrograde menstruation is when the menstrual blood flows backwards through the Fallopian tubes and into the pelvis instead of out of the body. The menstrual blood then implants itself onto the pelvic organs and grows. This theory is supported by the fact that Endometriosis is more common in women who have heavy or prolonged periods. Another theory is that Endometriosis is caused by tissue transplanted during surgery. This theory is supported by the fact that Endometriosis has been found in scar tissue from previous surgeries.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

Endometriosis symptoms can vary from woman to woman. Some women with Endometriosis have no symptoms, while others may have mild or severe symptoms. Endometriosis symptoms may include:

– Pelvic pain that is worse during menstruation

– Pain during sex

– Pain with urination or bowel movements

– Excessive bleeding during periods

– Infertility

– Fatigue

Endometriosis symptoms can vary in severity and may be affected by the menstrual cycle. Endometriosis symptoms are often at their worst just before and during menstruation.