What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition that causes numbness, tingling and pain in the hand and arm. The carpal tunnel is a narrow, bony passageway in the wrist that protects the median nerve. This nerve controls movement and sensation in the thumb and first three fingers. When the median nerve is compressed, it can cause CTS.
Symptoms of CTS may include:
– Numbness or tingling in the hand and fingers
– Pain in the hand, wrist, forearm or elbow
– Weakness in the hand or fingers
– Difficulty gripping or holding objects
– Increased sensitivity to touch
If you have any of these symptoms, you should see a doctor. CTS is usually diagnosed with a physical examination and nerve testing. Treatment may include splinting, steroid injections or surgery.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that affects millions of people each year. If you think you may have CTS, talk to your doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment can help relieve symptoms and prevent permanent damage to the median nerve.
Main causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome are:
– Thyroid problems
– Trauma to the wrist
Risk factors of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome are:
– Family history of CTS
– Repeated use of vibrating tools
– Age (CTS is more common in people over 40)
– Gender (women are more likely to develop CTS than men).
Why are women more likely to get Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal tunnel syndrome is more common in women than men, possibly because the carpal tunnel itself may be smaller in women. Hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause may also play a role. Obesity, diabetes, and arthritis are also risk factors for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.