What is Abnormal Uterine Bleeding?
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is any heavy or unusual bleeding from the vagina. It can occur at any age, but it is most common in women of childbearing age. AUB can be a sign of a serious health problem, so it is important to see your healthcare provider if you have any concerns.
There are many different causes of AUB, including hormonal imbalances, pregnancy complications, Fibroids , polyps , cancer , and other medical conditions. In some cases, the cause may be unknown.
AUB can vary in severity from light spotting to very heavy bleeding that lasts for more than 7 days per menstrual cycle. It can also occur between periods, after sex, or after menopause.
AUB can be a nuisance and cause inconvenience, but it is not usually life-threatening. However, heavy bleeding can lead to anemia , which is a medical emergency. If you are experiencing heavy bleeding, please see your healthcare provider or go to the nearest emergency room.
How is Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will ask about your medical history and symptoms, and perform a physical exam. They may also order blood tests and imaging studies (such as ultrasounds) to help diagnose the cause of your AUB.
Treatment for Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
The treatment for AUB depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, no treatment is necessary. For example, if AUB is caused by a temporary hormonal imbalance, it may go away on its own.
If AUB is caused by a more serious condition, such as cancer, treatment will be necessary. Treatment options include medication, surgery, and radiation therapy.
Prevention of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
There is no sure way to prevent AUB, but there are some things you can do to lower your risk:
-Maintain a healthy weight
-Eat a healthy diet
-Limit alcohol intake
-See your healthcare provider regularly for checkups
If you are concerned about AUB or are experiencing any symptoms, please see your healthcare provider. They can help determine the cause and recommend the best treatment options for you.